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Bone Grafting/Tissue Regeneration
This surgical procedure replaces bone that has been lost around the teeth as a result of advancing
gum disease. Various types of bone grafting materials are used from synthetically derived bone to
collagen-type materials to the patient's own bone. Often a "membrane" of some type is used to help
contain the graft within the prepared bone site and help the graft to heal properly.

Dental Implants
An implant is a synthetic tooth root in the shape of a post that is surgically placed into the jawbone.
The “root” is usually made of titanium (the same material used in many replacement hips and knees),
a metal that is well suited to pairing with human bone. A replacement tooth is then fixed to the post.
The tooth can be either permanently attached or removable. Permanent teeth are more stable and
feel more like natural teeth. Conventional bridges and dentures are not fixed to the bone, and can
therefore be unstable. Implants not only look more natural, but feel and act more like normal teeth,
with a stronger biting force. And because they don't directly rely on neighboring teeth for support,
implants don't compromise the health of your natural teeth.

Exposed Roots
Gum recession can be caused by gum disease, vigorous brushing, grinding or clenching, or simply
age and genetics. Regardless of the cause, as gums recede they expose the roots of the tooth,
creating the appearance of longer teeth. Exposed roots also increase vulnerability to root decay,
bone loss, and sensitivity to hot and cold liquids and foods. The solution to this situation is a soft-
tissue graft, also known as a gum graft. A soft tissue graft protects your roots f
rom decay and can
help prevent additional gum recession and bone loss. This can decrease tooth sensitivity and
improve the appearance of your smile.

Crown Lengthening
This surgical procedure is designed to assist your restorative dentist in getting a restoration (cap or
filling) to properly fit your tooth. When decay or tooth fracture goes beneath the gum line your
dentist may require that more tooth structure be exposed surgically so that he or she may properly
restore the tooth.